James' research investigates development of social and moral cognition, with an emphasis on exploring children's and adults' understanding of the incarcerated state and, more specifically, the cognitive mechanisms that perpetuate social inequalities (e.g., mass incarceration). Additionally, James is interested in perceptions of non-human entities (e.g., corporations), intuitive jurisprudence, and how children rely on invisible mental states (e.g., mental-illness, cognitive incapacitation) as markers of group membership. Prior to matriculaing as a doctoral student at Columbia, James earned a B.S. in Human Development from Cornell University, and a M.S. in Law from Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law.